• "Hymn Practice - Tahetahe Primary School"
  • "Female Vocational School students"
  • "Having a break - Hamatana Primary School"
  • "Gogohe Primary School - Grade 3"
  • "Teacher Supervising Students - Tahetahe Primary School"
  • "EQUITV Lesson"
  • "AROB Education Headquarter Staff busy at work"
  • "AROB Education Secretary with Staff"

GEOGRAPHY

The region is made up of two main islands of Bougainville and Buka. The inhabited smaller islands
include the large Nissan atoll & Pinepel, Matsungan, Pororan, Saposa, Petats, Madehas, Taiof, Teop,
Pokpok, the outlying atolls of Mortlock, Fead, Tasmans and Carteret/Kilinalau, and 165 smaller ones.

education

The region is mostly of volcanic origin, yielding fertile soils. It has a coastline of over 700 km, many
natural harbours and 240 000 ha of shallow reefs. The region is beginning to assert its leadership as a
competitor cocoa and copra in PNG after 17 years of armed unrest. It has large unexplored marine areas.
Five of the habitable islands are mountainous and low lying or swampy along the coast.
The eastern side is well drained with large tracts of coconut and cocoa plantations.

POPULATION

The Autonomous Region of Bougainville (ARB) had a population of 175,160 according to the 2000
national census. Trends from the last three decades suggest an annual growth rate of 1.5% and a current
population of 191,527 (2006). Population grouping indicates large youthful population among the 4 to 29
age group of 136 550 (71%) in 2006. The population projection to 2015 from the 2000 census suggests
that the region would have reached 218,990 (male & female) by year 2015. The school age population is
estimated to reach 131,734 by year 2015.
The region is made up of two main islands of Bougainville and Buka. The inhabited smaller islands
include the large Nissan atoll & Pinepel, Matsungan, Pororan, Saposa, Petats, Madehas, Taiof, Teop,
Pokpok, the outlying atolls of Mortlock, Fead, Tasmans and Carteret/Kilinalau, and 165 smaller ones.

LANGUAGE

There are 23 languages on Bougainville, the major languages being Buin, Siwai, Nagovis, Banoni, Halia,
Teop,Solos, Nehen, Nasioi Rotokas and Eiivo. Tok pisin is the main second language.

ECONOMY

The majority of the people live in rural communities. The urban population comprises about 3percent of
the total and about 1percent live in Buka/Hutzena, Arawa and Buin.

GENDER EQUITY IN EDUCATION

At every level of education more males are represented than females. In major studies, cultural factors
have been found to be the major obstruction to increasing participation of females at all levels of
education (Gender Analysis in Papua New Guinea, World Bank, 1998). Access to informal education and
training programs is even more difficult for women who are illiterate and the illiteracy rate among women
is estimated at around 60 per cent.
Regional variations reflect differences in historical experience. Higher enrolments of girls exist in regions
where single sex education was provided in the past by missions. The Gender Equity in Education Policy
(Department of Education, 2003) provides a framework of principles and practices to improve the lives of
all children and promotes gender equity between girls and boys. Implementation of this policy has been
slow-moving with little or no resources being allocated to support it.